When explaining the difference between Inductive and Deductive reasoning, I like to point out that Inductive reasoning is what the police officers and detectives have to be good at. When they interrogate suspects, they’re looking for cues that they’re lying or hiding something. Through their experience they may have picked up that anytime a person looks to his right when asked a question, that person is lying. While a no-hesitation answer with eye contact could signal they’re telling the truth. All these conjectures/conclusions are based on their observations over time. (Of course, it’s worth pointing out that the cop can’t convict someone based on his inductive “hunches”; he needs facts and evidence (deductive proof) to convict someone)
Meanwhile, Deductive reasoning is something Lawyers have to be good at. They can’t walk into a courtroom and say, “I think my client is innocent because he seems like a cool guy.” They have to provide facts and evidence–”My client is innocent because he was in Phoenix on the day of the crime. We have bank statements that he withdrew money from a certain bank and video serveillance that he was at the bank that day. So he couldn’t have been at the murder scene in New York.”
Slides 3 and 4 refer to the Lawyer reasoning (deductive reasoning)- a pic from “My Cousin Vinny” (if time permits show a YouTube clip of Joe Pesci questioning a witness). Pic 4 is an interrogation scene from “Breaking Bad” when Hank interrogates Mike. Mike is too smart, however, and doesn’t give into any of Hank’s questioning tactics.